LANCELOT HOGBEN PDF

Lancelot Thomas Hogben, born December 9, , Portsmouth , England—died August 22, , English zoologist, geneticist, medical statistician, and linguist, known especially for his many contributions to the study of social biology. In later years, Hogben would defend such programs against the British eugenicists , such as Leonard Darwin, son of Charles Darwin and president of the First International Congress of Eugenics, who publicly claimed that the poor were genetically inferior and that spending for their education was a waste of public funds. By the time Hogben took up his scholarship in , he had graduated from the University of London. At Cambridge, Hogben became a member of the socialist Fabian Society and was generally uncomfortable with the typical upper-class students at the school. By the time World War I began in , Hogben had fulfilled all the requirements for a science degree with the exception of residency, which could be fulfilled through military service. At first he volunteered for noncombat duty with a Quaker organization, but, when military conscription was enacted in , Hogben was inspired by the public pacifist statements of mathematician and philosopher Bertrand Russell and refused further service on conscientious grounds.

Author:Tojanos Mujora
Country:Romania
Language:English (Spanish)
Genre:Health and Food
Published (Last):28 December 2004
Pages:472
PDF File Size:12.9 Mb
ePub File Size:14.92 Mb
ISBN:397-9-71237-747-5
Downloads:72331
Price:Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader:Yonos



His parents were Plymouth Brethren ; he broke young from the family religion. His health collapsed and he was released in He worked on endocrinology and used the Xenopus frog. While using Xenopus to investigate the endocrine system, he serendipitously discovered that female Xenopus frogs, when injected with urine from a pregnant woman, ovulated within hours.

Thus, the Hogben Pregnancy Test was created and remained the major, international pregnancy test for decades. In Hogben moved to the London School of Economics , in a chair for social biology.

He became a Fellow of the Royal Society in He has published a series of important papers on the effect of hormones on the pigmentary effector system and on the reproductive cycle of vertebrates , and has worked on many branches of comparative physiology. More recently he has made substantial contributions to genetics , especially with regard to man.

The social biology position at the London School of Economics was funded by the Rockefeller Foundation , and when it withdrew funding Hogben moved to Aberdeen , becoming Regius Professor of Natural history at the University of Aberdeen in Hogben was granted both the Neill Prize, as well as a gold medal, for his work in mathematical genetics. Fisher , the leading scientist-eugenicist of the day Tabery In an interview for the book Twentieth Century Authors, Hogben stated: "I like Scandinavians, skiing, swimming and socialists who realize it is our business to promote social progress by peaceful methods.

I dislike football, economists, eugenicists, Fascists, Stalinists , and Scottish conservatives. I think that sex is necessary and bankers are not". According to Gary Werskey, Hogben was the only one of the founders not holding any eugenic ideas.

Writer Hogben produced two best-selling works of popular science, Mathematics for the Million and Science for the Citizen While at Aberdeen, Hogben developed an interest in language. Above all, we cannot play ducks and drakes with a native battery of idioms which prescribes egregious collocations of vocables He was Mason Professor of Zoology at the University of Birmingham — and professor of medical statistics there —, when he retired.

In , he became the first Vice-Chancellor of the University of Guyana , a post he abandoned in April , resigning in In the s Hogben settled at Glyn Ceiriog in north Wales, where he bought a cottage.

That decade his marriage to Enid broke down, the couple separated in and divorced in , with Hogben remarrying later that year to local widowed retired school headmistress, Mary Jane Roberts nee Evans , who was seven years younger. In terms of scientific debate, the dispute between Hogben and R. Fisher over gene-environment interaction was the first of many subsequent disputes over the extent to which the primacy of the gene can be understood independently of its developmental relationship with the environment Tabery The debate on nature and nurture , the race and intelligence controversy , the heritability wars , concerns over the geneticisation of complex human traits, and arguments over the promises and perils of the human genome project all incorporate some element of disagreement over the primacy of the gene.

Archive highlights include a draft of his autobiography later edited and published by his son Adrian Hogben and his wife , correspondence, hand drawn diagrams for his books, and reflections on his life and works. For a review of the Hogben Archive, see Tabery Works A short life of Alfred Russel Wallace , p. Winton The Pigmentary Effector System. The relationship of probability, credibility and error.

DD1 06E PDF

Lancelot Hogben Quotes

Early life[ edit ] Hogben was born and raised in Southsea near Portsmouth in Hampshire. His parents were Plymouth Brethren ; he broke young from the family religion. He attended Tottenham County School in London, his family having moved to Stoke Newington , where his mother had grown up, in , and then as a medical student studied physiology at Trinity College, Cambridge. He then returned to Cambridge, and was imprisoned in Wormwood Scrubs as a conscientious objector in His health collapsed and he was released in Hogben married in the mathematician, statistician, and feminist Enid Charles , with whom he had two sons and two daughters.

AL RAYAH NEWSPAPER PDF

Lancelot Thomas Hogben

The languages of size have no place for private sentiment, either of the individual or of the nation. They are international languages like the binomial nomenclature of natural history. In dealing with the immense complexity of his social life man has not yet begun to apply inventiveness to the rational planning of ordinary language when describing different kinds of institutions and human behavior. The language of everyday life is clogged with sentiment, and the science of human nature has not advanced so far that we can describe individual sentiment in a clear way. So constructive thought about human society is hampered by the same conservatism as embarrassed the earlier naturalists. Nowadays people do not differ about what sort of animal is meant by Cimex or Pediculus, because these words are used only by people who use them in one way.

NAVALALU IN PDF

Dangerous Thoughts

His parents were Plymouth Brethren ; he broke young from the family religion. His health collapsed and he was released in He worked on endocrinology and used the Xenopus frog. While using Xenopus to investigate the endocrine system, he serendipitously discovered that female Xenopus frogs, when injected with urine from a pregnant woman, ovulated within hours.

Related Articles