Als formales Vorbild dient ihm Platons Symposion. Jahrhunderts auftreten. Horus vertritt in der Runde den Kynismus. Diese chronologische Unstimmigkeit nimmt Macrobius bewusst in Kauf, wobei er sich im Vorwort zur Rechtfertigung des literarischen Anachronismus auf das Vorbild der Dialoge Platons beruft. Diese Zwischenquellen nennt er nicht.
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Name[ edit ] The correct order of his names is "Macrobius Ambrosius Theodosius", which is how it appears in the earliest manuscripts of the Saturnalia, and how he is addressed in the excerpts from his lost De differentiis. Only in later manuscripts were his names reversed as "Ambrosius Theodosius Macrobius", which James Willis then adopted for his edition of the Commentary.
Little is known for certain about Macrobius, but there are many theories and speculations about him. He states at the beginning of his Saturnalia that he was "born under a foreign sky" sub alio ortos caelo , and both of his major works are dedicated to his son, Eustachius. Which "foreign sky" Macrobius was born under has been the subject of much speculation. Terrot Glover considers Macrobius either an ethnic Greek, or born in one of the Greek-speaking parts of the Roman Empire, such as Egypt, due to his intimate knowledge of Greek literature.
Sandys went further and argued that Macrobius was born in one of the Greek provinces. However other experts, beginning with Ludwig van Jan , point out that despite his familiarity with Greek literature Macrobius was far more familiar with Latin than Greek—as evidenced by his enthusiasm for Vergil and Cicero —and favor North Africa, which was part of the Latin-speaking portion of the Roman Empire.
There are objections to either identification: as Alan Cameron notes, the complete name of the first candidate is attested in an inscription to be "Flavius Macrobius Maximianus", while the second is excluded because "A praepositus must at this period have been a eunuch. Further, Cameron points out that during his lifetime Macrobius was referred to as "Theodosius", and looking for that name Cameron found a Theodosius who was praetorian prefect of Italy in The nature of the dream, in which the elder Scipio appears to his adopted grandson and describes the life of the good after death and the constitution of the universe from a Stoic and Neo-Platonic point of view, gave occasion for Macrobius to discourse upon the nature of the cosmos , transmitting much classical philosophy to the later Middle Ages.
Linke and Georg Wissowa It contains a great variety of curious historical, mythological, critical, antiquarian and grammatical discussions. Kaster ed. Loeb classical library Percival Vaughan Davies trans. New York: Columbia University Press, William Harris Stahl trans. Second printing, with revisions,
It contains a great variety of curious historical, mythological, critical, antiquarian and grammatical discussions. The second book begins with a collection of bons mots, to which all present make their contributions, many of them being ascribed to Cicero and Augustus ; a discussion of various pleasures, especially of the senses, then seems to have taken place, but almost the whole of this is lost. The third, fourth, fifth and sixth books are devoted to Virgil, dwelling respectively on his learning in religious matters, his rhetorical skill, his debt to Homer with a comparison of the art of the two and to other Greek writers, and the nature and extent of his borrowings from the earlier Latin poets. The latter part of the third book is taken up with a dissertation upon luxury and the sumptuary laws intended to check it, which is probably a dislocated portion of the second book. The seventh book consists largely of the discussion of various physiological questions. Kaster ed. Loeb classical library —
Ambrosius Theodosius Macrobius
Yomuro Well-meaning attempts to get me to scan text, if successful, would merely turn me into some kind of machine: Ambrosius Theodosius Macrobiusflourished adLatin grammarian and philosopher whose most important work is the Saturnaliasaturnallia last known example of the long series of symposia headed by the Symposium of Plato. The order of presentation is this:. The Fragmentary Latin Poets. So wherever you spot an error, please do report it. Little is known for certain about Macrobius, but there are many theories and speculations about him. Text and Translation Some of these sections are conventionally preparatory. Epic in Republican Rome.