Title[ edit ] "Cartucho" means "cartridge" in Spanish, and refers to the characteristic belts of ammunition worn by Mexican revolutionary soldiers. As she puts it at one point, these were "stories saved for me, and I never forgot. As the critic Max Parra puts it, "Cartucho is a book about memory and identity, about memory and survival—individual and collective survival. Of one dead combatant, for instance, Campobello writes of "his body turning cold, the tissue of his porous flesh clutching the bullets that killed him.
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She was born in , though she would later sometimes say that she was born in , , or After her father was killed in the Battle of Ojinaga in , her mother remarried the physician Stephen Campbell from Boston, whose last name the children assumed, and which Nellie altered to Campobello.
In , after the Mexican Revolution , she came to Mexico City , where she, and her younger sister Gloria baptized as Soledad Campobello Luna , studied dance. Choreography and dance[ edit ] In , she started her career as a ballerina, together with her sister Gloria, in Mexico City. In November , Campobello presented the Ballet de masas Ballet of the masses in the national stadium.
Nellie, dressed in red, represented the Revolution. The ballet would later go on to travel throughout the country as part of las Misiones Culturales Cultural Missions. Some of these poems were translated into English by Langston Hughes in his anthology of Dudley Pitts. After the end of the armed movement, some revolutionaries were tried against the group in power, including Francisco Villa , a childhood hero of Campobello.
She continued to write about this fight in her work Apuntes sobre la vida militar de Francisco Villa. Each one is made up of short stories or episodes about characters of Parral and of Villa Ocampo , told from the point of view Nellie as a young girl. This point of view is rare within the genre of the Mexican Revolution. It is replete with details of daily life. It is said to be a feminist version of the Revolution, because it is narrated within private spaces, from the house of the author and from the neighborhoods of the Segunda de Rayo street in Parral.
The majority of these spaces include mentions of women and children. The novel describes the personalities of women during the Revolution, not under the stereotypes usually attributed to women such as sentimentality and irrationality, but as pragmatic and strong characters, sometimes vulnerable, but facing their reality and fighting.
To this day, she is considered the only female Mexican writer to publish narrations semi-autobiographical about the Mexican Revolution of This is why she is often referred to "La centaura del norte", the " Centaur of the North. She is considered the first modern narrator in 20th century Mexico.
He had power of attorney over Campobello. In , a local Salt Lake City newspaper reported that a warrant was issued for the arrest of Claudio Fuentes, but he was not located. The article reports that Fuentes said that he was in contact with Campobello during the 12 years of her disappearance. He was also involved with some investigations into finding the lost writer but eventually he backed out of the search. The gravestone with her initials on it was found in In a nearby town, a death certificate for Campobello was found indicating that she died of heart failure.
Fuentes has signed this certificate as a witness. They convinced her to sign her will to give money to them because Campobello did not have other heirs. Diane E. Werner: Concise encyclopedia of Mexico, , p.