However, Allama Muhammad Iqbal gave the most lucid explanation of the inner feelings of Muslim community in his presidential address to the All India Muslim League at Allahabad in Allama Muhammad Iqbal was a poet, philosopher and thinker who had gained countrywide fame and recognition by Political events had taken an ominous turn. There was a two-pronged attack on the Muslim interests.
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He inspired Muslims of the Sub-Continent and beyond. He infused a moving spirit and identity in the Indian Muslims. He presented a framework of their political future and talked how that would help to achieve the goal of Ummah. He presented a vision and dream in his Allahabad Address. Background The Hindu-Muslim question had great importance and stood crucial to British Indian history after , especially in the 20th century.
The Hindus desired to absorb them in their majority but they could not face the arguments of the Muslim intellectuals. By , Muslims had developed a sense of identity and political demands. Iqbal delivered his Presidential address in this background. He returned to India in and started work on the roots of Muslim decline and the mechanism to uplift the Muslims. He emphasized on the ideals, teachings and principles of Islam. He sought salvation through Islam.
At Allahabad, he presided over the meeting and delivered his famous address. The Address, December Iqbal presented a review of the political and social situation of India and solution of the ills befalling India.
He evaluated the importance of role of Islam in the lives of Muslims of British India. He said that the European view of duality of religion and state does not apply here in the Indian society. Rejecting the secularism he said, religion is not a totally personal affair. He explained that Islam offers an ethical order, socio-political structure, legal framework, code of life, culture and civilization.
It is a living, dynamic force that has a profound impact on the lives of Indian Muslims. With the force of Islam the scattered and disoriented people have been turned into an organized force. The Muslims are not willing to submerge their religious individuality. They have lack of trust, fear of domination from Hindus.
If the British want any sort of internal harmony it would be impossible unless the communal question is settled. No political arrangement may be acceptable without recognizing this reality. The formation of such a consolidated North Western Muslim state appears to be the final destiny of the Muslims, at least of North West India. To India, it will offer peace and security due to internal balance of power.
Why should they be treated as a political entity rather than a minority? He talked of a separate federation of Muslim provinces. The North Western India and Bengal can be considered as entitled to self-determination like other nations in India and outside.
He advised the Muslims to be above self-interest and devote themselves to Islam. Download Book-Style Notes with Quiz. It has help me.
I have no doubt that in this great assembly there are men whose political experience is far more extensive than mine, and for whose knowledge of affairs I have the highest respect. It will, therefore, be presumptuous on my part to claim to guide an assembly of such men in the political decisions which they are called upon to make today. I lead no party; I follow no leader. I have given the best part of my life to a careful study of Islam, its law and polity, its culture, its history and its literature. This constant contact with the spirit of Islam, as it unfolds itself in time, has, I think, given me a kind of insight into its significance as a world fact. It is in the light of this insight, whatever its value, that, while assuming that the Muslims of India are determined to remain true to the spirit of Islam, I propose not to guide you in your decisions, but to attempt the humbler task of bringing clearly to your consciousness the main principle which, in my opinion, should determine the general character of these decisions. It has furnished those basic emotions and loyalties which gradually unify scattered individuals and groups, and finally transform them into a well-defined people, possessing a moral consciousness of their own.
Allahabad Address (1930)
He inspired Muslims of the Sub-Continent and beyond. He infused a moving spirit and identity in the Indian Muslims. He presented a framework of their political future and talked how that would help to achieve the goal of Ummah. He presented a vision and dream in his Allahabad Address. Background The Hindu-Muslim question had great importance and stood crucial to British Indian history after , especially in the 20th century. The Hindus desired to absorb them in their majority but they could not face the arguments of the Muslim intellectuals. By , Muslims had developed a sense of identity and political demands.
1930 Presidential Address, Allahabad
However, the most lucid explanation of the inner feelings of the Muslim community was given by Allama Muhammad Iqbal in his presidential address to the All-India Muslim League at Allahabad in Allama Muhammad Iqbal was a poet, philosopher and thinker who had gained country-wide fame and recognition by Political events took an ominous turn. There was a two-pronged attack on the Muslim interests. On one hand, the Hindus offered a tough opposition by proposing the Nehru report as the ultimate constitution for India. On the other, the British government in India in the course of observations on the Simon Commission report ignored the Muslim demands. At this critical juncture, Iqbal realized that the peculiar problems of the Muslims in North-West India could only be understood by people belonging to this region and that in order to survive they would have to chalk out their own line of action.
Allahabad Address In this address, Allama Iqbal gave the lucid explanation of the inner feeling of the Muslims of India. He narrated the basic principles of the Islam and loyalties of the Muslims to their faith. He gave the idea and concept about a separate homeland in this address because the Muslim were a nation and had a right that they got the identification and passed their lives in order to the Islamic principles. Due to these reasons, he expressed his thoughts in this address. There were many reasons which caused Muslims to think about the separate homeland and compelled to protect the rights of the Muslim. There was a two branched attack on the Muslim interests.